野生动物 in Marion County encompasses a vast variety of discussion topics. We have in our county endangered species of mussels, and over populations of geese. Some residents are concerned about hazards from deer and coyote in their neighborhoods. 我们有成群的观鸟人, 有兴趣保护哺乳动物的自然团体, 昆虫, 蝙蝠与水生生物. We have hunters and fishermen, and children who are interested in studying it all. 野生动物 of all types play an important role in the ecology of our county.
The Marion County Soil and Water Conservation District has historically included the needs of wildlife in our conservation plans. Below you will find information and websites to help you with your wildlife concerns.
The impact of white-tailed deer within urban communities is a growing problem nationwide, 包括印第安纳州的几个社区. 管理这个问题可能会引起争议. To help local communities better understand deer and available management options, 渔业的DNR部门 & 野生动物 has put together an online booklet — the Urban Deer Technical Guide.
“美国rban Deer guide was developed to support communities that struggle with urban deer conflicts,查德·斯图尔特说, DNR的鹿管理生物学家. “Very few topics can be as polarizing as dealing with white-tailed deer in an urban setting. How to resolve these conflicts can cause elected officials many sleepless nights.”
The 32-page booklet explores how overabundant deer can impact deer-human interaction, 导致生态破坏, 以及目前人类的健康问题. It addresses the pros and cons of both lethal and non-lethal management options. The booklet outlines considerations for developing a successful deer management program and how to set up a monitoring program to assess results. Several examples of special deer reduction programs are cited.
“有很多很棒的生物信息, 社区可用选项的详细信息, 以及印第安纳州的案例研究,斯图尔特说:“. “If a community is facing this issue but not sure w在这里 to begin, 这是一个很好的开始.”
如果加拿大鹅已经成为你财产上的一个问题, information is available through the Indiana Department of Natural Resources website. 大多数鹅的问题发生在3月到6月, 在产卵季节, 当鹅特别有攻击性的时候, 有时攻击和咬人. Geese also can cause a great deal of localized damage if many young are hatched in one area. 孵化后, 小鹅大约70天不能飞行, so the young birds and their parents will graze near the hatching area for that time. Damage to landscaping can be significant and expensive to repair or replace, while large amounts of excrement can render areas unfit for human use.
Information on actions property owners can take to manage Canada geese is available 在这里. 解决方案包括改变栖息地, 通过制造噪音的装置每天骚扰鹅, to supporting goose hunting or obtaining a DNR trapping permit. 美国.S. 鱼 & 野生动物服务 also allows landowners who are properly registered to destroy resident Canada goose eggs and nests on their property. 更多的信息 on registering for federal permission to destroy eggs and nests 在这里. It is against federal law for anyone to destroy a Canada goose nest that contains one or more eggs without first securing permission through the U.S. 鱼 & 野生动物服务. It’s best to use preventive measures such as habitat modification before geese become a nuisance.
Personal experiences shape our attitudes toward most wildlife. 对土狼来说尤其如此. Thoughts range from worthless varmint that should be removed completely to a beautiful creature deserving of protection. Urban conflicts are focused on attacks on pets, concerns for safety, and fear of the unknown.
Coyotes are a native species once limited to the prairie regions of western Indiana. 20世纪70年代，jdb电子游戏的爆分技巧印第安纳州土狼的报道开始增加. They have adjusted to the landscape changes and now are common in all Indiana counties, 包括许多城市地区. 对于一些印第安人来说，这已经是旧jdb电子游戏爆分视频了. For others, the sight of a coyote is new and little is known about how to live with this species. DNR有一个 完整的提示列表 尽量减少与土狼的冲突.
Photo courtesy of Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 鱼 & 野生动物部门
- Feed pets indoors whenever possible; pick up leftovers if feeding outdoors and store pet and livestock feed w在这里 it’s inaccessible to wildlife
- Eliminate 水 bowls and other artificial 水 sources (if possible).
- Position bird feeders in a location that is less likely to attract small animals or bring the feeders in at night (to keep coyotes from feeding on the bird food or the other animals).
- 不要把可食用垃圾丢在土狼能得到的地方. 安全的垃圾容器
- Trim and clean shrubbery near ground level to reduce hiding cover for coyotes or their prey
- Do not allow pets to run free and provide secure nighttime housing for them
- 如果你在家里看到郊狼, 用喊叫来劝阻他们, making loud noises or throwing rocks but NEVER corner a coyote – always give the coyote a free escape route.
渔业的DNR部门 & 野生动物 manages trapping and hunting seasons for coyotes (Oct. 15 - 2015年3月15日). 季节并不是要把所有的动物都移走, 但他们确实提供了一个好的, low-cost way to manage coyotes while giving hunters and trappers opportunities to pursue coyotes.
Coyotes also can be taken outside of these seasons on private land. 土地所有者可以在任何时候在他们拥有的土地上赶走一只土狼, or they can provide written permission for others to take coyotes on that land at any time without a permit. This gives landowners the ability to control what happens on their property, 甚至在既定的狩猎和诱捕季节之外.
网站 & 野生动物援助资源
- 一个视频 that explains what to do when finding an injured or orphaned wild animal